10.1.3 Subunits of Compilation Units
Subunits are like child units, with these (important) differences: subunits support the separate compilation of bodies only (not declarations); the parent contains a body_stub to indicate the existence and place of each of its subunits; declarations appearing in the parent's body can be visible within the subunits.
body_stub ::= subprogram_body_stub | package_body_stub | task_body_stub | protected_body_stub
subprogram_body_stub ::= subprogram_specification is separate;
package_body_stub ::= package body defining_identifier is separate;
task_body_stub ::= task body defining_identifier is separate;
protected_body_stub ::= protected body defining_identifier is separate;
subunit ::= separate (parent_unit_name) proper_body
The parent body of a subunit is the body of the program unit denoted by its parent_unit_name. The term subunit is used to refer to a subunit and also to the proper_body of a subunit.
The parent body of a subunit shall be present in the current environment, and shall contain a corresponding body_stub with the same defining_identifier as the subunit.
A package_body_stub shall be the completion of a package_declaration or generic_package_declaration; a task_body_stub shall be the completion of a task_declaration; a protected_body_stub shall be the completion of a protected_declaration.
In contrast, a subprogram_body_stub need not be the completion of a previous declaration, in which case the _stub declares the subprogram. If the _stub is a completion, it shall be the completion of a subprogram_declaration or generic_subprogram_declaration. The profile of a subprogram_body_stub that completes a declaration shall conform fully to that of the declaration.
A subunit that corresponds to a body_stub shall be of the same kind (package_, subprogram_, task_, or protected_) as the body_stub. The profile of a subprogram_body subunit shall be fully conformant to that of the corresponding body_stub.
A body_stub shall appear immediately within the declarative_part of a compilation unit body. This rule does not apply within an instance of a generic unit.
The defining_identifiers of all body_stubs that appear immediately within a particular declarative_part shall be distinct.
For each body_stub, there shall be a subunit containing the corresponding proper_body.
- Visibility within a subunit is the visibility that would be obtained at the place of the corresponding body_stub (within the parent body) if the context_clause of the subunit were appended to that of the parent body.
- The effect of the elaboration of a body_stub is to elaborate the subunit.
The package Parent is first written without subunits:
package Parent is procedure Inner; end Parent;
with Ada.Text_IO; package body Parent is Variable : String := "Hello, there."; procedure Inner is begin Ada.Text_IO.Put_Line(Variable); end Inner; end Parent;
The body of procedure Inner may be turned into a subunit by rewriting the package body as follows (with the declaration of Parent remaining the same):
package body Parent is Variable : String := "Hello, there."; procedure Inner is separate; end Parent;
with Ada.Text_IO; separate(Parent) procedure Inner is begin Ada.Text_IO.Put_Line(Variable); end Inner;
Copyright © 1992,1993,1994,1995 Intermetrics, Inc.
Copyright © 2000 The MITRE Corporation, Inc. Ada Reference Manual