3.6.3 String Types
A one-dimensional array type whose component type is a character type is called a string type.
There are two predefined string types, String and Wide_String, each indexed by values of the predefined subtype Positive; these are declared in the visible part of package Standard:
subtype Positive is Integer range 1 .. Integer'Last;
type String is array(Positive range <>) of Character; type Wide_String is array(Positive range <>) of Wide_Character;
49 String literals (see 2.6 and 4.2) are defined for all string types. The concatenation operator & is predefined for string types, as for all nonlimited one-dimensional array types. The ordering operators <, <=, >, and >= are predefined for string types, as for all one-dimensional discrete array types; these ordering operators correspond to lexicographic order (see 4.5.2).
Examples of string objects:
Stars : String(1 .. 120) := (1 .. 120 => '*' ); Question : constant String := "How many characters?"; -- Question'First = 1, Question'Last = 20 -- Question'Length = 20 (the number of characters)
Ask_Twice : String := Question & Question; -- constrained to (1..40) Ninety_Six : constant Roman := "XCVI"; -- see 3.5.2 and 3.6
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