A slice denotes a one-dimensional array formed by a sequence of consecutive components of a one-dimensional array. A slice of a variable is a variable; a slice of a constant is a constant; a slice of a value is a value.
slice ::= prefix(discrete_range)
Name Resolution Rules
The prefix of a slice shall resolve to denote a one-dimensional array (after any implicit dereference).
The expected type for the discrete_range of a slice is the index type of the array type.
A slice denotes a one-dimensional array formed by the sequence of consecutive components of the array denoted by the prefix, corresponding to the range of values of the index given by the discrete_range.
The type of the slice is that of the prefix. Its bounds are those defined by the discrete_range.
For the evaluation of a slice, the prefix and the discrete_range are evaluated in an arbitrary order. If the slice is not a null slice (a slice where the discrete_range is a null range), then a check is made that the bounds of the discrete_range belong to the index range of the array denoted by the prefix. Constraint_Error is raised if this check fails.
2 A slice is not permitted as the prefix of an Access attribute_reference, even if the components or the array as a whole are aliased. See 3.10.2.
3 For a one-dimensional array A, the slice A(N .. N) denotes an array that has only one component; its type is the type of A. On the other hand, A(N) denotes a component of the array A and has the corresponding component type.
Examples of slices:
Stars(1 .. 15) -- a slice of 15 characters (see 3.6.3) Page(10 .. 10 + Size) -- a slice of 1 + Size components (see 3.6) Page(L)(A .. B) -- a slice of the array Page(L) (see 3.6) Stars(1 .. 0) -- a null slice (see 3.6.3) My_Schedule(Weekday) -- bounds given by subtype (see 3.6.1 and 3.5.1) Stars(5 .. 15)(K) -- same as Stars(K) (see 3.6.3) -- provided that K is in 5 .. 15
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Copyright © 2000 The MITRE Corporation, Inc. Ada Reference Manual