7.2 Package Bodies
In contrast to the entities declared in the visible part of a package, the entities declared in the package_body are visible only within the package_body itself. As a consequence, a package with a package_body can be used for the construction of a group of related subprograms in which the logical operations available to clients are clearly isolated from the internal entities.
package_body ::= package body defining_program_unit_name is declarative_part [begin handled_sequence_of_statements] end [[parent_unit_name.]identifier];
If an identifier or parent_unit_name.identifier appears at the end of a package_body, then this sequence of lexical elements shall repeat the defining_program_unit_name.
A package_body shall be the completion of a previous package_declaration or generic_package_declaration. A library package_declaration or library generic_package_declaration shall not have a body unless it requires a body; pragma Elaborate_Body can be used to require a library_unit_declaration to have a body (see 10.2.1) if it would not otherwise require one.
In any package_body without statements there is an implicit null_statement. For any package_declaration without an explicit completion, there is an implicit package_body containing a single null_statement. For a noninstance, nonlibrary package, this body occurs at the end of the declarative_part of the innermost enclosing program unit or block_statement; if there are several such packages, the order of the implicit package_bodies is unspecified. (For an instance, the implicit package_body occurs at the place of the instantiation (see 12.3). For a library package, the place is partially determined by the elaboration dependences (see Section 10).)
For the elaboration of a nongeneric package_body, its declarative_part is first elaborated, and its handled_sequence_of_statements is then executed.
3 A variable declared in the body of a package is only visible within this body and, consequently, its value can only be changed within the package_body. In the absence of local tasks, the value of such a variable remains unchanged between calls issued from outside the package to subprograms declared in the visible part. The properties of such a variable are similar to those of a static variable of C.
4 The elaboration of the body of a subprogram explicitly declared in the visible part of a package is caused by the elaboration of the body of the package. Hence a call of such a subprogram by an outside program unit raises the exception Program_Error if the call takes place before the elaboration of the package_body (see 3.11).
Example of a package body (see 7.1):
package body Rational_Numbers is
procedure Same_Denominator (X,Y : in out Rational) is begin -- reduces X and Y to the same denominator: ... end Same_Denominator;
function "="(X,Y : Rational) return Boolean is U : Rational := X; V : Rational := Y; begin Same_Denominator (U,V); return U.Numerator = V.Numerator; end "=";
function "/" (X,Y : Integer) return Rational is begin if Y > 0 then return (Numerator => X, Denominator => Y); else return (Numerator => -X, Denominator => -Y); end if; end "/";
function "+" (X,Y : Rational) return Rational is ... end "+"; function "-" (X,Y : Rational) return Rational is ... end "-"; function "*" (X,Y : Rational) return Rational is ... end "*"; function "/" (X,Y : Rational) return Rational is ... end "/";
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Copyright © 2000 The MITRE Corporation, Inc. Ada Reference Manual