B.5 Interfacing with Fortran

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The facilities relevant to interfacing with the Fortran language are the package Interfaces.Fortran and support for the Import, Export and Convention pragmas with convention_identifier Fortran.

The package Interfaces.Fortran defines Ada types whose representations are identical to the default representations of the Fortran intrinsic types Integer, Real, Double Precision, Complex, Logical, and Character in a supported Fortran implementation. These Ada types can therefore be used to pass objects between Ada and Fortran programs.

Static Semantics

The library package Interfaces.Fortran has the following declaration:

with Ada.Numerics.Generic_Complex_Types;  -- see G.1.1
pragma Elaborate_All(Ada.Numerics.Generic_Complex_Types);
package Interfaces.Fortran is 
    pragma Pure(Fortran);

    type Fortran_Integer is range implementation-defined;

    type Real             is digits implementation-defined; 
    type Double_Precision is digits implementation-defined;

    type Logical is new Boolean;

    package Single_Precision_Complex_Types is 
        new Ada.Numerics.Generic_Complex_Types (Real);

    type Complex is new Single_Precision_Complex_Types.Complex;

    subtype Imaginary is Single_Precision_Complex_Types.Imaginary; 
    i : Imaginary renames Single_Precision_Complex_Types.i; 
    j : Imaginary renames Single_Precision_Complex_Types.j;

    type Character_Set is implementation-defined character type;

    type Fortran_Character is array (Positive range <>) of Character_Set; 
    pragma Pack (Fortran_Character);

    function To_Fortran (Item in Character) return Character_Set; 
    function To_Ada (Item in Character_Set) return Character;

    function To_Fortran (Item in String) return Fortran_Character; 
    function To_Ada     (Item in Fortran_Character) return String;

    procedure To_Fortran (Item       in String; 
                          Target     out Fortran_Character; 
                          Last       out Natural);

    procedure To_Ada (Item     in Fortran_Character; 
                      Target   out String;
                      Last     out Natural);

end Interfaces.Fortran;

The types Fortran_Integer, Real, Double_Precision, Logical, Complex, and Fortran_Character are Fortran-compatible.

The To_Fortran and To_Ada functions map between the Ada type Character and the Fortran type Character_Set, and also between the Ada type String and the Fortran type Fortran_Character. The To_Fortran and To_Ada procedures have analogous effects to the string conversion subprograms found in Interfaces.COBOL.

Implementation Requirements

An implementation shall support pragma Convention with a Fortran convention_identifier for a Fortran-eligible type (see B.1).

Implementation Permissions

An implementation may add additional declarations to the Fortran interface packages. For example, the Fortran interface package for an implementation of Fortran 77 (ANSI X3.9-1978) that defines types like Integer*n, Real*n, Logical*n, and Complex*n may contain the declarations of types named Integer_Star_n, Real_Star_n, Logical_Star_n, and Complex_Star_n. (This convention should not apply to Character*n, for which the Ada analog is the constrained array subtype Fortran_Character (1..n).) Similarly, the Fortran interface package for an implementation of Fortran 90 that provides multiple kinds of intrinsic types, e.g. Integer (Kind=n), Real (Kind=n), Logical (Kind=n), Complex (Kind=n), and Character (Kind=n), may contain the declarations of types with the recommended names Integer_Kind_n, Real_Kind_n, Logical_Kind_n, Complex_Kind_n, and Character_Kind_n.

Implementation Advice

An Ada implementation should support the following interface correspondences between Ada and Fortran:

  • An Ada procedure corresponds to a Fortran subroutine.
  • An Ada function corresponds to a Fortran function.
  • An Ada parameter of an elementary, array, or record type T is passed as a TF argument to a Fortran procedure, where TF is the Fortran type corresponding to the Ada type T, and where the INTENT attribute of the corresponding dummy argument matches the Ada formal parameter mode; the Fortran implementation's parameter passing conventions are used. For elementary types, a local copy is used if necessary to ensure by-copy semantics.
  • An Ada parameter of an access-to-subprogram type is passed as a reference to a Fortran procedure whose interface corresponds to the designated subprogram's specification.


17  An object of a Fortran-compatible record type, declared in a library package or subprogram, can correspond to a Fortran common block; the type also corresponds to a Fortran derived type.


Example of Interfaces.Fortran:

with Interfaces.Fortran;
use Interfaces.Fortran;
procedure Ada_Application is

    type Fortran_Matrix is array (Integer range <>, 
                                  Integer range <>) of Double_Precision; 
    pragma Convention (Fortran, Fortran_Matrix);    -- stored in Fortran's 
                                                    -- column-major order 
    procedure Invert (Rank in Fortran_Integer; X in out Fortran_Matrix); 
    pragma Import (Fortran, Invert);                -- a Fortran subroutine

    Rank      : constant Fortran_Integer := 100; 
    My_Matrix : Fortran_Matrix (1 .. Rank, 1 .. Rank);


    My_Matrix := ...;
    Invert (Rank, My_Matrix);

end Ada_Application;

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Copyright © 2000 The MITRE Corporation, Inc. Ada Reference Manual