E.4.2 Example of Use of a Remote Access-to-Class-Wide Type
Example of using a remote access-to-class-wide type to achieve dynamic binding across active partitions:
package Tapes is pragma Pure(Tapes); type Tape is abstract tagged limited private; -- Primitive dispatching operations where -- Tape is controlling operand procedure Copy (From, To : access Tape; Num_Recs : in Natural) is abstract; procedure Rewind (T : access Tape) is abstract; -- More operations private type Tape is ... end Tapes;
with Tapes; package Name_Server is pragma Remote_Call_Interface; -- Dynamic binding to remote operations is achieved -- using the access-to-limited-class-wide type Tape_Ptr type Tape_Ptr is access all Tapes.Tape'Class; -- The following statically bound remote operations -- allow for a name-server capability in this example function Find (Name : String) return Tape_Ptr; procedure Register (Name : in String; T : in Tape_Ptr); procedure Remove (T : in Tape_Ptr); -- More operations end Name_Server;
package Tape_Driver is -- Declarations are not shown, they are irrelevant here end Tape_Driver;
with Tapes, Name_Server; package body Tape_Driver is type New_Tape is new Tapes.Tape with ... procedure Copy (From, To : access New_Tape; Num_Recs: in Natural) is begin . . . end Copy; procedure Rewind (T : access New_Tape) is begin . . . end Rewind; -- Objects remotely accessible through use -- of Name_Server operations Tape1, Tape2 : aliased New_Tape; begin Name_Server.Register ("NINE-TRACK", Tape1'Access); Name_Server.Register ("SEVEN-TRACK", Tape2'Access); end Tape_Driver;
with Tapes, Name_Server; -- Tape_Driver is not needed and thus not mentioned in the with_clause procedure Tape_Client is T1, T2 : Name_Server.Tape_Ptr; begin T1 := Name_Server.Find ("NINE-TRACK"); T2 := Name_Server.Find ("SEVEN-TRACK"); Tapes.Rewind (T1); Tapes.Rewind (T2); Tapes.Copy (T1, T2, 3); end Tape_Client;
Notes on the example:
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- The package Tapes provides the necessary declarations of the type and its primitive operations.
- Name_Server is a remote call interface package and is elaborated in a separate active partition to provide the necessary naming services (such as Register and Find) to the entire distributed program through remote subprogram calls.
- Tape_Driver is a normal package that is elaborated in a partition configured on the processing node that is connected to the tape device(s). The abstract operations are overridden to support the locally declared tape devices (Tape1, Tape2). The package is not visible to its clients, but it exports the tape devices (as remote objects) through the services of the Name_Server. This allows for tape devices to be dynamically added, removed or replaced without requiring the modification of the clients' code.
- The Tape_Client procedure references only declarations in the Tapes and Name_Server packages. Before using a tape for the first time, it needs to query the Name_Server for a system-wide identity for that tape. From then on, it can use that identity to access the tape device.
- Values of remote access type Tape_Ptr include the necessary information to complete the remote dispatching operations that result from dereferencing the controlling operands T1 and T2.
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Copyright © 2000 The MITRE Corporation, Inc. Ada Reference Manual